Copyright “must not be used as bargaining chip” in trade negotiations, the Society of Authors (SoA) has said.
In response to the Department for International Trade’s consultations on prospective trade agreements, the SoA has called on the government to ensure that copyright is not used as a bargaining chip in trade negotiations.
The society argues that the success of the UK’s creative industries is underpinned by its gold-standard copyright framework, ensuring that creators and their publishers can derive revenue from their work. There are many countries across the world that do not have the same high copyright standards as the UK, the SoA said, and so it is concerned that current standards could be watered down as part of future trade negotiations. “Such a move would be highly detrimental to the success of our publishing and wider creative industries,” the society said.
In response to the consultations, it has raised concerns about how free trade agreements must expressly refer to the international copyright treaties, in particular the Berne Convention, the Rome Convention, TRIPS and the WIPO Internet treaties.
Free trade agreements should not result in the sort of copyright exceptions for educational use that have been introduced in Canada, the SoA said, as “this would be disastrous for educational writers in the UK, as they would be unable to adequately protect their copyright and derive revenue from the use of their work”.
It also argues against the introduction of a US-style fair use exception which it said “is uncertain in scope, costly and complex, to the detriment of all business in the creative value chain”.
Meanwhile, the SoA opposes the abandonment of measures that seek to address the ‘value gap’ in the context of safe harbours for internet intermediaries, such as those contained in the EU’s Copyright Directive.
It has also said that the current term of protection for copyright works and performances – not less than the life of the author plus 70 years after death – must be retained.
“It is vital that our capacity to enforce copyright protection is not weakened as part of a free trade agreement,” the society said. “In the UK, the Small Claims Track in the Intellectual Property Enterprise Court enables authors and other rights-holders to pursue cases regarding copyright infringement at low cost. Such a system does not exist in the US, New Zealand or Australia, and therefore UK authors would not be able to pursue a case in those other jurisdictions.”
The government launched four consultations in July, covering potential agreements with the US, Australia, New Zealand, and seeking accession to the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). The SoA has responded individually to each and combined them into a single response.
Nicola Solomon, theSoA chief executive, said: “We welcome moves to reduce barriers to trade, and to open up new markets for our world-famous publishing and wider creative industries. But this must not come at the expense of the UK’s gold-standard copyright framework.
“The government is aiming to strike trade deals with countries whose copyright regime is not up to the same high standard as our own. Under no circumstances should the government use the UK’s copyright protections as a bargaining chip during negotiations, or consider watering them down to meet the inferior standards of our trading partners.
“Such a move would be highly detrimental to authors, publishers and the wider cultural sector. Copyright is founded on the principle that authors own the right to their intellectual creations, enabling them to exploit and monetise their work. It underpins the success of our creative industries, and must be protected as part of all future trade deals.”