A French poll has shown that 27% of e-books were downloaded from pirate or illegal sites in the second quarter of this year.
The online survey of 1,000 people, conducted by marketing consultants GfK, showed that of the majority of legally downloaded e-books 52% were downloaded from library collections, such as the Gallica site of the French National Library (BNF) and Google Books.
Another 41% were drawn from bookseller sites such as Fnac, chapitre.com or the new independent booksellers’ portal 1001libraries.com.
The poll of people aged between 15 and 65, published exclusively by the news agency Agence France Presse (AFP), also revealed that 10% of all e-book readers had downloaded titles directly through mobile telephone or electronic tablet applications.
Of the works downloaded, 77% were offered free by virtual libraries, while only 3% of readers said they always opted for paid-for titles. Fiction was the most sought-after sector.